高中英语复*资料-必修3 Unit5 Canada-The True North

发布于:2021-09-22 19:41:52

Unit 5 Canada-“The True North”
复*目标闯关

要点名师讲解
【重点单词】

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【即境活用】It is our duty to protect the _____ from pollution.

2. distance n. 距离、路程、远处、差异 距离、路程、远处、 What is the distance to London? 到伦敦有多远? 【相关短语】 相关短语】 keep one’s distance from 与……保持距离,客气 keep sb at a distance 与----冷淡,疏远。 know one’s distance 有自只字之明 in the distance 在远处 at/from a distance 从多远处 at a distance of +数字 。在多远处。
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I can see you at a distance of 10 metre.在 10 米远的地方,我能看到你 It is hard to know her well because she always keeps others at a distance. 很难了解她,因为她总是和别人保持着距离 I saw something in the distance. 我看到远处有东西 【即境活用】 即境活用】 One can see the ancient ruins at a ________of 20 miles. A. distance B. space C. length D. stretch

【解析】A. 考查固定短语。at a distance of 在多远处 解析】 3. impress vt. 使铭记;铭刻;给……留下极深的印象 使铭记;铭刻; ……留下极深的印象

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【重点短语】 1. settle down 定居;*静下来;专心于 定居;*静下来;

2. have a gift for 有做某事的天赋 I have a gift for talking people into doing something.在说服别人上我有天赋 【拓展】 拓展】 gifted =talented

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have a talent for 有----的天赋 with gift=with talent

The young man has a talent for writing. 这个年轻人有写作天赋 He is a gifted boy.===He is a boy with gift.他是个有天赋的孩子 【即境活用】 即境活用】 He is a ________person, so he will succeed. A. talented 【答案】A。 答案】 【重点句型】 B. talent C. gift D. decided

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【即境活用】He sold the vegetables at half price ________ let them go bad. A. as well as 答案:B 2. It is too bad you can’t go as far as Ottawa. 你不能去渥太华真是太糟糕了。 as far as 有三层基本的意思: a. 到某一指定的地点;远达。 He walked as far as the park. 他步行到花园 I see you off as far as the airport.我将你一直送到机场 b.同样的距离。 We didn’t go as far as others. 我们不如别人走的远 c.程度、范围。就----而言,至于。也可以写做为 so far as As/ So far as I know, he isn’t coming to the party. 拒我所知,他不会出席这个晚会了 I will help you as far as I can. 我会尽我所能来帮你 As far as he is concerned, he can’t afford the car. 就他而言,他买不起那部车 【相关短语】 B. rather than C instead of D. as good as

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【拓展】 拓展】 特别注意:否定句中,可以把第一个 as 换成 so. He didn’t go so far as the river. 他没走到河边那么远 【即境活用】 即境活用】 As ______as I am concerned ,I agree with you.. A. far B. long C. much D. many

【答案】A。 答案】

语法核心突破
Noun clauses as the appositive 同位语从句 同位语从句就是在复合句中作名词的同位语的名词性从句 1. 同位语从句的功能 同位语从句对于名词进一步解释,说明名词的具体内容,一般由 that 引导,例如:
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1) The king's decision that the prisoner would be set free surprised all the people. 2) The order that all the soldiers should stay still is given by the general. 2. 同位语在句子中的位置 同位语从句有时可以不紧跟在它所说明的名词后面,而是被别的词隔开例如: He got the news from Mary that the sports meeting was put off. 【拓展】 拓展】 同位语从句与定语从句的区别 (1) 定语从句中的 that 既代替先行词,同时以在从句中作某个成分(主语或宾语) ,而同位 语从句中的 that 是连词,只起连接主句与从句的作用,不充当句中任何成分 (2) 定语从句是形容词性的,其功能是修饰先行词,对先行词加以限定,描述定的性质或特 征;同位语从句是名词性的,其功能是对名词进行补充说明例如: 1) The news that he told me is that Tom would go abroad next year. (他告诉我的消息是汤姆明年 将出国) (第一个 that 引导的从句是定语从句,that 在从句中作宾语) 2)The news that Tom would go abroad is told by him.(汤姆将出国的消息是他讲的。(同位语 ) 从句,that 在句中不作任何成分) 【典型例题】 典型例题】 1、There is a new problem involved in the popularity of private cars _________ road conditions need_________. A. that ...to be improved C. where ...improving B. which...to be improved D .when...improving

【解析】A。考查同位语从句。因为先行词在从句中不作任何成份,因此用关系词 that,故 解析】 B、C、D 均不正确。对于第 2 个空格,need 既可作实义动词,又可作情态动词。作实义动 词时后跟动词不定式,即 need to do sth.,另外 road conditions 与 improve 之间是被动关系, 因此是 need to be improved(need to be done=need doing)。译文:私家车受欢迎所涉及到的新 问题是道路状况需要改善 2、There's a feeling in me _______we'll never know what a UFO is—not ever. A. that B. which C. of which D. what

【解析】A。考查同位语从句。同位语从句 that we'll never know what a UFO is—not ever 作 a 解析】 feeling 的同位语,解释 a feeling 的具体内容。that 连接同位语从句时,只起连接作用不作从 句的任何成分。译文:我有一个这样的感觉,我们不会知道什么是 UFO——永远不会
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3、 Information has been put forward ________ more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities. A. while B. that C. when D. as

【解析】B.考查同位语从句。这是一个同位语从句。that 引导从句作 information 的同位语, 解析】 解释 information 的具体内容。注意:that 和 what 引导名词性从句(主语、宾语、表语和同位 语从句)的区别:that 引导名词性从句,只起引导作用,在从句中不作成分。that 引导宾语从 句时,that 可省略,而在其他三个从句中,that 虽不作成份,一般也不省略;what 在这四个 名词从句中一定作成分,作主语、宾语、表语或补语。译文:有消息说,更多的中学毕业生 将进入大学 【语法专练】 1. Mr. Frank asked me a question________ I could go with him to ________ he called the Treasure House the next week. A. that; which C. whether; what
世纪金榜

B. whether; that D. that; where

2. The idea has widely been accepted ____ man should live in harmony with nature. A. that B. how C. if D. when

3. What do you think of his proposal _______ we ________ a play at the English party? A. what; put up C. which; put up B. that; put on D. that; put off

4. An amazing discovery was made __________ the worn Chinese painting was actually a treasure map. A. about B. that C. from D. what

5. ---What made her so upset? ---______she failed in her examination A. Because of 6. B. That C. Because D. Whether .

can be judged form his facial expression that he is terribly sorry for what he A.That; had done C.As; has done B.It; has done D.As; did _______you.

7. Once you enter the university, you will be free to study A. whatever that interests B. whatever which interests
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C. what ever interesting 8.

D. whatever interests the difference between

surprises us most is that she doesn’t even know

the two lies. A. What; where C. What; that 答案:1~5 CABBB B. All; which D. That; where 6~8 BDA

高考真题链接
1. 2010· ( 上海卷· T30) ancient times, people rarely travelled long distances and most farmers In only travelled A. longer than the local market. B. more than C. as much as D. as far as

【解析】选 D。本题考查介词词组。根据动词 travel 可判断此处应填关于路程的介词词组, 本题即为 as far as。as far as 远到... 2.(2009·安徽卷·T31) China has got a good careful and smooth organization. A. reputation B. influence C. impression D. knowledge for fighting against the flu with its

【解析】选 A 本题考察名词的用法,四个*义词来区分.从句意及空格后面的介词入手,表达” 解析】 中国在.....上面有着较好的声誉”应接介词 for. influence 后接 on. impression 后接 on. Knowledge 后接 of. 3. (2009· 湖北卷· T28) The questionnaire takes ______ ten to fifteen minutes to complete and can be used along with the assessment interview. A. mainly B. punctually C. approximately D. precisely

解析】 【解析】选 C 考查副词短语。这里意思是“问卷大约需要 10 至 15 分钟完成”,应选择 approximately“大约地”。 mainly“主要地”,punctually“准时地”,precisely“精确地”。 4. (2009·江西卷·T33) The fact has worried many scientists ______ the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years. A. what B. which C. that D. though

【解析 解析】选 C 本题考查间隔式同位语从句的用法。即先行词是 the fact 和 that 引导的同位 解析 语从句中间隔了谓语部分。 5.(2009·天津卷·T10)The art show was _______ being a failure; it was a great success.

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A. far from

B. along with

C. next to

D. regardless of

【解析】选 A 考查介词短语用法。along with 同---一道;next to 在---*旁;在隔壁;次 解析】 于;regardless of 忽视,不理睬;far from 表示距离的远离;远远不,完全不,决不后跟名 词,动名词后形容词;此处句意为艺术展决不是一个失败,而是一个巨大的成功,可知选 A 符合句意。

综合效能检测
一、听力(略) 二、单项选择 21. Doctors need to have ____ good knowledge of ____ medicine. A. a, a B. the, the C. \. \ D. a, \ ______beyond my

22. Mom promised to buy me a nice gift for my birthday, imagination. A. the one B. that C. which D. something

23. The questionnaire takes _________ ten to fifteen minutes to complete and can be used along with the assessment interview. A. punctually C. mainly B. Approximately D. precisely

24. --- I did very badly in the exam this time, so I’m very upset. --- Cheer up! I did ____ than you, but I remain happy. A. no better B. better C. no worse D. not worse

25. 一 Is there any possible way to help them get rid of such a bad habit? 一 To tell the truth, it’s very hard.But we A.worked C.are working B.had worked D.had been working on this problem.

26. The ______ increase in the robbery rate made a number of residents _______ at night. A. disturbing; terrified C. disturbed; terrified B. disturbing; terrifying D. disturbed; terrifying

27. It’ s high time the government _________ measures to help the graduates.

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A. takes

B. took

C. will take

D. has taken

28. I’m really worried about _______ I have hurt his feelings, though I didn’t mean to. A. what B. which C. whether D. if

29. The news spread quickly through the village _____ the war had ended, ______ made villagers wild with joy. A. which; that C. that; which 30. A. It, that is no doubt B. that; what D. what; which the amber room was lost in World War II.

B. It, whether C. There, that D. There, whether

31. —Would you like another cup of tea? —Thanks, A. but why not C. and I’d like not . B. but I’d rather not D. and I’d rather not

32. —Did you remember to give Jenny the money? —Yes. ________ I saw her, I'm sure. A. So long as B. So far as C. The moment D. Any time

33. _______ he was, he often ended up in financial troubles. A. Though well paid C. Well paid as 34. ---- Are you a Beijinger? ----- ________. I was born in Henan. I came to Beijing when I was ten and have lived here ever since. A. Exactly C. Just so-so B. No actually D. Not really B. As well paid D. Well paid

35. _____ he got off the bus, did he find his pocket _____. A. Not until; stolen B. Unless ; gone C. Not until; picked D. Unless ; lost

三、完形填空 As a teenager, I felt I was always letting people down. I was rebellious (反叛的) on the outside, 36 on the inside, I wanted people to 37 me.

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Once I left home to hitchhike (搭便车) to California with my friend Penelope. The trip wasn’t 38 , and there were many times I didn’t feel safe. One situation in particular 39

me grateful to still be alive When I returned home, I was different, not so outwardly sure of myself. I was happy to be home. But then I noticed that Penelope, who was wearing my clothes. And my 42 41 40 with us, was

seemed to like her better than me. I wondered if I would be 43 Penelope was a lovely

if I weren’t there. I told my mom, and she explained that 44

girl, no one could

me. I pointed out, “ She is more patient and is neater than I have ever 45 ,but I was the only person who could fill my 47 — and there were many —I was a loved

been. ” My mom said these were wonderful 46 , She made me realize that even with my

member of the family who couldn’t be replaced. I became a searcher, wanting to My 49 pressure to 48 who I was and what made me unique (独一无二的).

of myself was changing. I wanted a solid base to start from. . I started to resist (抵抗) 50 in ways that I didn’t like any more, and I was 52 that no one can ever take my place. 51 by who I really was. I

came to feel much more Each of us 53

a unique (独一无二的) place in the world.You are special, no matter 54 about being replaced.You D. for D. like D. long D. remained 55 be.

what others say or what you may think. So 36. A. and 37. A. leave 38. A. easy B. but B. respect B. hard B. kept B. eating B. friends B. mentioned B. after C. as C. admire C. fun

39. A. succeeded 40. A. playing 41. A. family 42. A. loved 43. A. before 44. A. scold 45. A. qualities 46. A. character 47. A. faults

C. managed

C. staying D. running C. relativesD. class C. cared D. missed

C. though D. unless D. match D. times D. job D. pities D. give up

B. compare C. replace B. girls B. role C. people C. task

B. advantages C. manners

48. A. look for B. look back C. find out

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49. A. picture 50. A. think

B. view B. learn

C. sense

D. drawing

C. changeD. act C. disappointed C. happy C. seizes D. hopeful

51. A. thankfulB. delighted 52. A. sure B. doubtful

D. lonely D. holds D. argue D. needn’t

53. A. carries B. catches 54. A. talk

B. forget C. care C. can’t

55. A. mustn’t B. shouldn’t 四、阅读理解

A In Canada and the United States, there is a new group of children called “satellite kids”, who live in one place but whose parents live in another place. Asians are immigrating to Canada and the United States in larger numbers than ever before. Most Asians immigrate because they believe that they can give their children a better education in the West. In Asia, especially in China, Japan, and Korea, it is difficult to go to university. Students must first pass the strict national examination. However, in Canada and the United States, it is easy to go to university, and anyone who wants to go can go. As a result, Asian parents decide to leave their countries so that their children can go to university. The problem is that when Asians arrive, they discover that finding a job and making money are more difficult in the West than in the East. Also, they find that they are very lonely, and that they miss their homes. Because of these two reasons, most Asian parents decide to go back to work while their children study in the West. Therefore, these children become “satellite kids”, and most of their parents do not know how sad it is to be a “satellite kid”. Only until now are Canadians and Americans discovering the “satellite kid” problem. Because these children do not speak English and because their parents are not there to take care of them. They are often absent from school. To be a “satellite kid” means growing up in a country where you know you are different and where you cannot make friends because you do not speak English well. Also, it means growing up lonely, because your parents are elsewhere. What these “satellite kids” will probably say to their parents is that it’s better to have parents around than to have a university education. 56. Some Asian parents send their kids abroad because ________.
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A. they hope their children may easily find a job there B. the kids may not be accepted by universities in their own countries C. all foreign universities are better than the ones in their own countries D. the kids want to improve their English and make foreign friends 57. “Satellite kids” refer to Asian kids ________. A. without patents B. living abroad alone C. with university education D. speaking no English 58. Some Asian immigrant children become “satellite kids” because their parents ________. A. want to leave their own country B. want them to go to university C. return to their country to work D. want them to be independent 59. What is the main idea of the passage? A. Parents want better education for their kids. B. Parents feel lonely and miss their families. C. Canadians and Americans begin to notice the “satellite kids” problem. D. Kids in foreign countries alone are badly in need of care from family.

B Safety and Security Procedures Your safety and the security of your personal property are of the primary concern to those of us who welcome you as our guest. We urge you to take advantage of the following suggestions. YOUR VEHICLE Lock your vehicle and do not leave money or valuable items inside. We are not responsible for their loss. TRAVELING Be observant (机警) when sightseeing or traveling. Stay in well-lit and heavily traveled areas. Don’t display large amounts of cash.
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GUEST ROOM SECURITY For additional security use the deadbolt(插锁)provided on your door and make sure the windows are locked. As an additional precaution(预防措施), please secure the secondary locks provided. Do not admit anyone to your room without first making identification. A one-way viewer is provided in your door to assist with identification. If there is any doubt about the person’s identity, please contact the Front Desk. SAFETY BOXES Do not leave money or valuables in your room or vehicle. We provide free safety boxes for your use. Hotel is not responsible for items left in room valued over $200. KEYS Safeguard your key. Please do not leave it in the door. Do not give your key to others or leave it unattended. Please leave your key at the Front Desk when you check out. REPORTING Please report any suspicious activity, or safety concerns to management. FIRE Please familiarize yourself with the nearest fire exits. Report fire or smoke to the hotel operator. In the unlikely event of a fire, please move quickly and calmly to the nearest safe exit and leave the building. Avoid the use of elevator. 60. The suggestions are most probably from ______. A. a hotel manager C. an experienced traveler 61. Which of the following is TRUE? A. It is advised to travel to places where there are few people. B. The hotel is not responsible for anything you lose. C. Don’t report to the manager unless you are sure something is going wrong. D. You’d better use the deadbolt and the secondary locks for safety. 62. If you feel doubtful about a stranger who knocks at the door, you should ______. A. let the person in after you have got his/her name B. open the door to check the person’s ID card C. call the Front Desk to make sure
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B. a police officer D. a tour guide

D. contact the local police for assistance 63. What does the underlined part “In the unlikely event of a fire” mean? A. In case a fire happens, though it is not very possible. B. If a fire happens when some big events are taking place. C. In case a fire happens in a public building. D. If a fire breaks out and it is getting out of control. 五、根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法: My cousin and I travelled wild animals from the train 1 3 Canada by train. We saw many beautiful the way 4 2 (风景) and 5

the Rocky Mountains. The city

Thunder Bay is a port in the centre of Canada. In Toronto, we went up the CN Tower and saw the 6 (薄雾) from Niagara Falls. When we arrived in Montreal, we saw many signs and ads 8 7

French. Then we went to Old Montreal,

(sit) in a typical cafe beside the St Lawrence 9

River. We spent the afternoon doing some shopping in shops and visiting the artists in their (工作场所). People there speak English but the city has 六、书面表达

10 (France ) culture and tradition.

假如你是班长, 你们学校本周日将组织一次参观首都博物馆的活动, 请你写一个口头通 知。相关内容如下: 安 排: 8:00 在学校大门口集合,集体乘车去首都博物馆; 8:40 在导游的带领下参观首都博物馆; 12:00 参观结束,集体乘车返回学校。 要 求:1. 参观过程中请自觉遵守公共秩序; 2. 馆内禁止拍照; 3. 参观后每人写一篇日记。 注 意:1. 词数不少于 60; 2. 通知的开头已为你写好,作答时请将其抄在答题卡上。

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参考答案
二~四 21~25 DDBAC 26~30 ABCCC 31~35 BCCDC 答案:36~40 BDABC 41~45 ADCCA 46~50 BACBD 51~55 BADBC 56-59 BBCD 60~63 ADC A 7. in 8. sitting 9. workplaces 10.

五、 across 2. scenery 3. on 1. French 六、One possible version:

4. through 5. of 6. mist

Dear students, attention, please. I have something to tell you. In order to know more about Beijing, we are going to pay a visit to the Capital Museum this Sunday. Be sure to arrive at the school gate before 8:00 a.m. We

will go there by bus altogether. At about 8:40 a.m., we’ll visit the museum following a guide. The visit will be over at around 12:00, and then we’ll return by bus. Please observe public order, keep quiet and avoid running. Video recording and flash photography are forbidden in the museum so you’d better take some notes since we have to write a diary after the visiting. you enjoy the visit. That’s all. Thank you. Hope

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